Terms & Conditions

Dog Walking

  1. Relationship and Responsibilities

1.1. It is expressly understood that the Owner retains the services of the Walker as an Independent Contractor and not as an employee.

1.2. The Walker undertakes to perform the agreed-on services in an attentive, reliable and caring manner and the Owner undertakes to provide all necessary information to assist in this performance.

1.3. The Walker undertakes to notify the Owner of any occurrence pertaining to the dog which may be relevant to the care and well-being of the dog.

1.4. The Walker will supply and be equipped with waste bags and will duly remove the dog’s faeces from all public places.

1.5. The Walker reserves the right to walk other compatible dogs at the same time but undertakes to limit the number of dogs walked with one person to 4 (four).

1.6. The Owner will provide suitable harnesses, collars as approved by the Walker as well as coats or muzzles if required.The owner is also responsible for maintaining these items and Cheddarwood pet services and the walker will not be responsible for any damage or breakages if these are not kept in good condition.

1.7. Leads will be provided by the walker unless agreed otherwise with the walker.

1.8. Dog(s) not be allowed off lead or use a long lead unless approved by the owner on the dog information sheet.

1.9. If the owner approves the use of long leads or that the dog(s) are allowed off lead, these will only be allowed in appropriate areas including but not limited to parks, fields, remote and enclosed areas.

1.10. If a dog(s) recall is determined to not be excellent by the walker under the walker’s discretion the dog(s) will be placed on a long lead (if approved by the owner) or back on a normal lead.

1.11. The Walker shall not be obliged to perform any other duties except those specified on the Pet Information sheet.

1.12. It is the owners responsibility to ensure their dog(s) are microchipped prior to walking and have tags with the owner’s information attached to the harness/collar as both are a legal requirement.

1.13. Owners are responsible for the upkeep or any vaccinations, flea and worming.Proof of vaccinations will need to be provided prior to group walks and will be the owners responsibility to provide all yearly updates to Cheddarwood and/or the walker.

 

  1. Compensation

2.1. The number of dogs being walked for the owner is –  _________________.

2.2. The dog(s) will be walked solo / group – _____________________(dogs from the same household can be walked together on Solo option).

2.3. The Walker shall be paid the amount of £_________________ per walk.

2.4. All monies for the walks will be received in advance of the walks. If paying monthly the payments will be required by the 1st of each month for that month. For example, money received on the 1st September will cover all September walks.

 

  1. Duration

3.1. This Dog Walking Contract shall come into effect on the (Date) ___________________________and shall:

.

  1. Terminate on the _____day of _____________________20____.

OR

  1. Terminate when either party gives 7 (seven) days written notice of termination (with the exception of 4.4 – 4.5.)

 

3.2 Where a contract is terminated using option B any advance payments received longer than 7days will be refunded to the client. E.g. termination with 7 days notice but has 14days of walks paid, 7 days will be refunded to the owner.

 

  1. Cancellation or Early Termination

4.1. Either party may terminate this Dog Walking Contract a minimum of 48 (forty eight) hours prior to the first scheduled visit without incurring penalties or damages.

4.2. Cancellation by the Owner of scheduled walks with less than 48 hrs notice may be charged at the full rate or rescheduled at the discretion of the Walker.

4.3. Where the Walker as sole proprietor needs to cancel a scheduled walk due to unforeseen circumstances, he/she may appoint a substitute Walker with the written approval of the Owner and any difference in the fees charged shall be for the account of the Walker.

4.4. Should any dog become aggressive, reactive or dangerous, the Walker may terminate this dog walking contract with immediate effect, and the owner will be charged for the full cost of the walk. The walker may suggest a solo walk at the solo walk prices with the agreement of the owner. Dogs from the same household may still be walked together at solo prices.

4.5. Any wrongful or misleading information in the Owner’s Information or Pet Information sheets may constitute a breach of terms of this Dog Walking Contract and be grounds for instant termination thereof.

4.6. Termination under the circumstances described in 4.4 or 4.5 above shall not entitle the Owner to any refunds nor relief of any outstanding payments due.

4.7. Any keys which were signed over (using the duplicate key form) will be returned to the owner upon termination using the return duplicate key form.

4.8. Any documentation relating to the client will be kept secure in compliance with GDPR for 5 years after termination. Should you require Cheddarwood Pet services again new documentation will be required.

 

  1. Liability

5.1. The Walker accepts no liability for any breach of security or loss of or damage to the Owner’s property if any other person has access to the property during the term of this agreement.

5.2. The Walker shall not be liable for any mishap of whatsoever nature which may befall a dog or caused by a dog who has unsupervised access to the outdoors.

5.3. The Owner shall be liable for all medical expenses and damages resulting from an injury to the Walker caused by the dog(s) as well as damage to the Owner’s property.

5.4. The Walker is released from all liability related to transporting dog(s) to and from any veterinary clinic or kennel, the medical treatment of the dog(s) and the expense thereof.

5.5. Cheddarwood pet services and its employees will not be liable for any damage, accidents or health issues that arise because of false information provided by the owner including but not limited to vaccinations, flea and worming, aggression and reaction.

5.6. Cheddarwood pet services and its employees will not be liable for any medical expenses that arise from known or unknown health issues that may arise during the walk.

5.7. Cheddarwood Pet services and its employees will not be liable for any costs incurred due to false information provided by the owner regarding microchipping and tags.

 

  1. Indemnification

The Owner will not blame and payback the Walker against any and all costs, expenses, losses, liabilities and claims arising from said dogs behaviour unless the dog walker is willful or negligent.

 

  1. Emergencies

In the event of an emergency, the Walker can carry out emergency care if signed by the owner prior to walking. The walker shall contact the Owner at the numbers provided to confirm the Owner’s choice of action. If the Owner cannot be reached timeously, the Walker is authorized to:

7.1. Transport the dog(s) to the listed veterinarian;

7.2. Request on-site treatment from a veterinarian;

7.3. Transport the dog(s) to an emergency clinic if the previous two options are not feasible.

 

  1. Security

The Walker warrants to keep safe and confidential all keys, remote control entry devices, access codes and personal information of the Owner and to return the same to the Owner at the end of the contract period or immediately upon demand using the return duplicate key form.

 

  1. Relaxation of Terms

No relaxation, indulgence, waiver or release by any party of any of the rights in terms of this agreement on one occasion shall prevent the subsequent enforcement of such rights and shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any subsequent breach of any of the terms.

 

  1. Whole Agreement

This Dog Walking Contract, Pet Information sheet(s), Emergency care form and about us form attached constitute the sole and entire agreement between the parties with regard to the subject matter hereof and the parties waive the right to rely on any alleged expressed or implied provision not contained therein. Any alteration to this agreement must be in writing and signed by both parties.

 

  1. Assignment

No party may assign any of its rights or delegate or assign any of its obligations in terms of this Dog Walking Contract without the prior written consent of the other party, except where otherwise stated.

 

  1. Binding Effect

The terms of this Contract shall be binding upon and accrue to the benefit and be enforceable by either party’s successors, legal representatives and assigns.

Dog sitting/visit

  1. Relationship and Responsibilities

It is expressly understood that the Owner retains the services of the Dog Sitter as an Independent Contractor and not as an employee. The Dog Sitter undertakes to perform the agreed-on services (See the process form for further information) in an attentive, reliable and caring manner and the Owner undertakes to provide all necessary information to assist in this performance.

  1. Compensation

2.1. The Dog Sitter shall be paid the amount of £_______ Per day as per the prices list and no deductions shall be made for late departure or early return of the Owner.

2.2. Additional fees may include the purchase of necessary items for the care of the pet(s), including but not limited to pet food, litter or cleaning supplies, transportation, unexpected visits and emergency expenses for health care. The Dog Sitter shall retain and submit receipts as proof of additional expenses.

2.3. The amount of £_____________________ shall be payable in 72hrs in advance of the sitting/visit taking place, unless it is at short notice, where by payment will be due during the meet and greet, see the process form.

  1. Duration

3.1. This Dog Sitting/visit Contract shall come into effect on the ____ day of . ____________________20____ and shall terminate on the _____day of . _____________________20____.

3.2. The term of this Dog Sitting/visit Contract may be extended if requested by the Owner and so accepted by the Dog Sitter.

3.3. The onus shall be on the Owner to confirm his/her return and his/her availability to resume care of the property and pet(s) prior to or on the last day of this contract term failing which the Sitter may perform additional visits in the interest of the pet(s).

3.4. Any additional visits or duties shall be calculated at the normal daily rate as specified in the price list per visit including any surcharges for bank holidays and Sundays.

  1. Cancellation or Termination

4.1. Either party may terminate this Dog Sitting/visit Contract a minimum of 48 (forty-eight) hours prior to the first scheduled visit without incurring penalties or damages.

4.2. Failure by the Owner to cancel by giving the minimum notice required or any cancellation during recognized holiday periods will result in a 30% cancellation fee of the total amount due, unless such cancellation is caused by severe weather, death in the family or a medical emergency.

4.3. Where the Dog Sitter as sole proprietor needs to cancel later than 48 hours prior to the Owner’s departure due to unforeseen circumstances, he/she may appoint a substitute with the written approval of the Owner and any difference in the fees charged shall be for the account of the Dog Sitter.

4.4. Should any pet become aggressive or dangerous, the Dog Sitter may:

4.4.1. Arrange with the pet’s Guardian to assume responsibility for the pet until the Owner’s return;

4.4.2. Place the pet into a kennel or animal care facility at the Owner’s expense if the Guardian is unable or unwilling to assume responsibility for the pet.

4.4.3. In either event as described in 4.4.1. and 4.4.2. above, this contract shall be deemed terminated unless the Dog Sitter agrees to continue with other home caring duties and/or caring for other listed pets at no reduction in compensation.

4.5. Any wrongful or misleading information in the Owner’s Information or Pet Information sheets may constitute a breach of terms of this Dog Sitting Contract and be grounds for instant termination thereof.

4.6. Termination under the circumstances described in 4.4 or 4.5 above shall not entitle the Owner to any refunds nor relief of any outstanding payments due.

  1. Liability

5.1. The Sitter will perform the duties required to the best of his/her ability in a responsible manner.

5.2. The Sitter accepts no liability for any breach of security or loss of or damage to the Owner’s property if any other person has access to the property during the term of this agreement.

5.3. The Sitter shall not be liable for any mishap of whatsoever nature which may befall a pet or caused by a pet who has unsupervised access to the outdoors.

5.4. The Owner shall be liable for all medical expenses and damages resulting from an injury to the Sitter caused by the pet as well as damage to the Owner’s property.

5.5. The Sitter is released from all liability related to transporting pet(s) to and from any veterinary clinic or kennel, the medical treatment of the pet(s) and the expense thereof.

5.6. Cheddarwood pet services and its employees will not be liable for any damage, accidents or health issues that arise because of false information provided by the owner including but not limited to vaccinations, flea and worming, aggression and reaction.

5.7. Cheddarwood pet services and its employees will not be liable for any medical expenses that arise from known or unknown health issues that may arise during the walk.

  1. Indemnification

The parties agree to indemnify and hold harmless each other as well as respective employees, successors and assigns from any and all claims arising from either party’s willful or negligent conduct.

  1. Emergencies

In the event of an emergency, the Sitter shall contact the Owner at the numbers provided to confirm the Owner’s choice of action. If the Owner cannot be reached timeously, the Sitter is authorized to:

7.1. Transport the pet(s) to the listed veterinarian;

7.2. Request on-site treatment from a veterinarian; .

7.3. Transport the pet(s) to an emergency clinic if the previous two options are not feasible.

  1. Security

The Sitter warrants to keep safe and confidential all keys, remote control entry devices, access codes and personal information of the Owner and to return the same to the Owner at the end of the contract period or immediately on demand using the return of duplicate key form.

  1. Relaxation of Terms

No relaxation, indulgence, waiver or release by any party of any of the rights in terms of this Dog Sitting/visit Contract on one occasion shall prevent the subsequent enforcement of such rights and shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any subsequent breach of any of the terms.

  1. Whole Agreement

This Dog Sitting/visit Contract,Pet Information sheet(s), The process document and the Emergency care Form attached constitute the sole and entire agreement between the parties with regard to the subject matter hereof and the parties waive the right to rely on any alleged expressed or implied provision not contained therein. Any alteration to this agreement must be in writing and signed by both parties.

  1. Assignment

No party may assign any of its rights or delegate or assign any of its obligations in terms of this Dog Sitting/visit Contract without the prior written consent of the other party, except if inclement weather or a bona fide emergency prohibits the Sitter from fulfilling his/her duties in which event the pet’s Guardian may be called upon to care for the pet(s).

  1. General

The parties agree that any or all parts of this agreement may be submitted to the other party in legible and recordable electronic form and upon acknowledgement of receipt by the receiving party shall become valid parts of the agreement.

Paragraph headings are for convenience of reference only and are not intended to have any effect in the interpretation or determining of rights or obligations under this agreement.

Where appropriate words signifying one gender shall include the other and words signifying the singular shall include the plural and vice versa.

 

Cat Sitting

  1. Relationship and Responsibilities

It is expressly understood that the Owner retains the services of the Cat Sitter as an Independent Contractor and not as an employee. The Cat Sitter undertakes to perform the agreed-on services (See the process form for further information) in an attentive, reliable and caring manner and the Owner undertakes to provide all necessary information to assist in this performance.

 

  1. Compensation

2.1. The Cat Sitter shall be paid the amount of £_______ Per day and no deductions shall be made for late departure or early return of the Owner.

2.2. Additional fees may include the purchase of necessary items for the care of the pet(s), including but not limited to pet food, litter or cleaning supplies, transportation, unexpected visits and emergency expenses for health care. The Cat Sitter shall retain and submit receipts as proof of additional expenses.

2.3. The amount of £_____________________ shall be payable in 72hrs in advance of the sitting/visit taking place, unless it is at short notice, where by payment will be due during the meet and greet, see the process form. 

 

  1. Duration

3.1. This Cat Sitting/visit Contract shall come into effect on the ____ day of . ____________________20____ and shall terminate on the _____day of . _____________________20____.

3.2. The term of this Cat Sitting/visit Contract may be extended if requested by the Owner and so accepted by the Cat Sitter.

3.3. The onus shall be on the Owner to confirm his/her return and his/her availability to resume care of the property and pet(s) prior to or on the last day of this contract term failing which the Sitter may perform additional visits in the interest of the pet(s).

3.4. Any additional visits or duties shall be calculated at the normal daily rate as specified in the price list per visit including any surcharges for bank holidays and Sundays.

 

  1. Cancellation or Termination

4.1. Either party may terminate this Cat Sitting/visit Contract a minimum of 48 (forty-eight) hours prior to the first scheduled visit without incurring penalties or damages.

4.2. Failure by the Owner to cancel by giving the minimum notice required or any cancellation during recognized holiday periods will result in a 30% cancellation fee of the total amount due, unless such cancellation is caused by severe weather, death in the family or a medical emergency.

4.3. Where the Cat Sitter as sole proprietor needs to cancel later than 48 hours prior to the Owner’s departure due to unforeseen circumstances, he/she may appoint a substitute with the written approval of the Owner and any difference in the fees charged shall be for the account of the Cat Sitter.

4.4. Should any pet become aggressive or dangerous, the Cat Sitter may:

4.4.1. Arrange with the pet’s Guardian to assume responsibility for the pet until the Owner’s return;

4.4.2. Place the pet into a kennel or animal care facility at the Owner’s expense if the Guardian is unable or unwilling to assume responsibility for the pet.

4.4.3. In either event as described in 4.4.1. and 4.4.2. above, this contract shall be deemed terminated unless the Cat Sitter agrees to continue with other home caring duties and/or caring for other listed pets at no reduction in compensation.

4.5. Any wrongful or misleading information in the Owner’s Information or Pet Information sheets may constitute a breach of terms of this Cat Sitting Contract and be grounds for instant termination thereof.

4.6. Termination under the circumstances described in 4.4 or 4.5 above shall not entitle the Owner to any refunds nor relief of any outstanding payments due.

 

  1. Liability

5.1. The Sitter will perform the duties required to the best of his/her ability in a responsible manner.

5.2. The Sitter accepts no liability for any breach of security or loss of or damage to the Owner’s property if any other person has access to the property during the term of this agreement.

5.3. The Sitter shall not be liable for any mishap of whatsoever nature which may befall a pet or caused by a pet who has unsupervised access to the outdoors.

5.4. The Owner shall be liable for all medical expenses and damages resulting from an injury to the Sitter caused by the pet as well as damage to the Owner’s property.

5.5. The Sitter is released from all liability related to transporting pet(s) to and from any veterinary clinic or kennel, the medical treatment of the pet(s) and the expense thereof.

5.6. Cheddarwood pet services and its employees will not be liable for any damage, accidents or health issues that arise because of false information provided by the owner including but not limited to vaccinations, flea and worming, aggression and reaction. 

5.7. Cheddarwood pet services and its employees will not be liable for any medical expenses that arise from known or unknown health issues that may arise during the Cat sitting. 

 

  1. Indemnification

The parties agree to indemnify and hold harmless each other as well as respective employees, successors and assigns from any and all claims arising from either party’s willful or negligent conduct.

 

  1. Emergencies

In the event of an emergency, the Sitter shall contact the Owner at the numbers provided to confirm the Owner’s choice of action. If the Owner cannot be reached timeously, the Sitter is authorized to:

7.1. Transport the pet(s) to the listed veterinarian;

7.2. Request on-site treatment from a veterinarian; .

7.3. Transport the pet(s) to an emergency clinic if the previous two options are not feasible.

 

  1. Security

The Sitter warrants to keep safe and confidential all keys, remote control entry devices, access codes and personal information of the Owner and to return the same to the Owner at the end of the contract period or immediately on demand using the return of duplicate key form.

 

  1. Relaxation of Terms

No relaxation, indulgence, waiver or release by any party of any of the rights in terms of this Cat Sitting/visit Contract on one occasion shall prevent the subsequent enforcement of such rights and shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any subsequent breach of any of the terms.

 

  1. Whole Agreement

This Cat Sitting/visit Contract,Pet Information sheet(s), The process document and the Emergency care Form attached constitute the sole and entire agreement between the parties with regard to the subject matter hereof and the parties waive the right to rely on any alleged expressed or implied provision not contained therein. Any alteration to this agreement must be in writing and signed by both parties.

 

  1. Assignment

No party may assign any of its rights or delegate or assign any of its obligations in terms of this Cat Sitting/visit Contract without the prior written consent of the other party, except if inclement weather or a bona fide emergency prohibits the Sitter from fulfilling his/her duties in which event the pet’s Guardian may be called upon to care for the pet(s).

 

  1. General

The parties agree that any or all parts of this agreement may be submitted to the other party in legible and recordable electronic form and upon acknowledgement of receipt by the receiving party shall become valid parts of the agreement.

Paragraph headings are for convenience of reference only and are not intended to have any effect in the interpretation or determining of rights or obligations under this agreement.

Where appropriate words signifying one gender shall include the other and words signifying the singular shall include the plural and vice versa.

 

Small Animal Pet sitting contract

  1. Relationship and Responsibilities

It is expressly understood that the Owner retains the services of the Sitter as an Independent Contractor and not as an employee. The Sitter undertakes to perform the agreed-on services in an attentive, reliable and caring manner and the Owner undertakes to provide all necessary information to assist in this performance.

  1. Compensation

2.1. The Sitter shall be paid the amount of £_______________________ and no deductions shall be made for late departure or early return of the Owner.

2.2. Additional fees may include the purchase of necessary items for the care of the pet(s), including but not limited to pet food, litter or cleaning supplies, transportation, unexpected visits and emergency expenses for health care. The Sitter shall retain and submit receipts as proof of additional expenses.

2.3. The amount of £_____________________ shall be payable in advance and payment of the balance effected within 72hrs of receipt of the account for the outstanding balance.

  1. Duration

3.1. This Pet Sitting Contract shall come into effect on the ____ day of . ____________________20____ and shall terminate on the _____day of . _____________________20____.

3.2. The term of this Pet Sitting Contract may be extended if requested by the Owner and so accepted by the Sitter.

3.3. The onus shall be on the Owner to confirm his/her return and his/her availability to resume care of the property and pet(s) prior to or on the last day of this contract term failing which the Sitter may perform additional visits in the interest of the pet(s).

3.4. Any additional visits or duties shall be calculated at the normal daily rate as specified in the price list per visit including any surcharges for bank holidays and Sundays.

  1. Cancellation or Termination

4.1. Either party may terminate this Pet Sitting Contract a minimum of 48 (forty-eight) hours prior to the first scheduled visit without incurring penalties or damages.

4.2. Failure by the Owner to cancel by giving the minimum notice required or any cancellation during recognized holiday periods will result in a 30% cancellation fee of the total amount due, unless such cancellation is caused by severe weather, death in the family or a medical emergency.

4.3. Where the Sitter as sole proprietor needs to cancel later than 48 hours prior to the Owner’s departure due to unforeseen circumstances, he/she may appoint a substitute with the written approval of the Owner and any difference in the fees charged shall be for the account of the Sitter.

4.4. Should any pet become aggressive or dangerous, the Sitter may:

4.4.1. Arrange with the pet’s Guardian to assume responsibility for the pet until the Owner’s return;

4.4.2. Place the pet into a kennel or animal care facility at the Owner’s expense if the Guardian is unable or unwilling to assume responsibility for the pet.

4.4.3. In either event as described in 4.4.1. and 4.4.2. above, this contract shall be deemed terminated unless the Sitter agrees to continue with other home caring duties and/or caring for other listed pets at no reduction in compensation.

4.5. Any wrongful or misleading information in the Owner’s Information or Pet Information sheets may constitute a breach of terms of this Pet Sitting Contract and be grounds for instant termination thereof.

4.6. Termination under the circumstances described in 4.4 or 4.5 above shall not entitle the Owner to any refunds nor relief of any outstanding payments due.

  1. Liability

5.1. The Sitter will perform the duties required to the best of his/her ability in a responsible manner.

5.2. The Sitter accepts no liability for any breach of security or loss of or damage to the Owner’s property if any other person has access to the property during the term of this agreement.

5.3. The Sitter shall not be liable for any mishap of whatsoever nature which may befall a pet or caused by a pet who has unsupervised access to the outdoors.

5.4. The Owner shall be liable for all medical expenses and damages resulting from an injury to the Sitter caused by the pet as well as damage to the Owner’s property.

5.5. The Sitter is released from all liability related to transporting pet(s) to and from any veterinary clinic or kennel, the medical treatment of the pet(s) and the expense thereof.

5.6. Cheddarwood pet services and its employees will not be liable for any damage, accidents or health issues that arise because of false information provided by the owner including but not limited to vaccinations, flea and worming, aggression and reaction.

5.7. Cheddarwood pet services and its employees will not be liable for any medical expenses that arise from known or unknown health issues that may arise during the pet sitting.

  1. Indemnification

The parties agree to indemnify and hold harmless each other as well as respective employees, successors and assigns from any and all claims arising from either party’s willful or negligent conduct.

  1. Emergencies

In the event of an emergency, the Sitter shall contact the Owner at the numbers provided to confirm the Owner’s choice of action. If the Owner cannot be reached timeously, the Sitter is authorized to:

7.1. Transport the pet(s) to the listed veterinarian;

7.2. Request on-site treatment from a veterinarian; .

7.3. Transport the pet(s) to an emergency clinic if the previous two options are not feasible.

  1. Security

The Sitter warrants to keep safe and confidential all keys, remote control entry devices, access codes and personal information of the Owner and to return the same to the Owner at the end of the contract period or immediately on demand using the return of duplicate key form.

  1. Relaxation of Terms

No relaxation, indulgence, waiver or release by any party of any of the rights in terms of this Pet Sitting Contract on one occasion shall prevent the subsequent enforcement of such rights and shall not be deemed to be a waiver of any subsequent breach of any of the terms.

  1. Whole Agreement

This Pet Sitting Contract and Owner’s Information sheet, Pet Information sheet(s) and the Veterinary Release Form attached constitute the sole and entire agreement between the parties with regard to the subject matter hereof and the parties waive the right to rely on any alleged expressed or implied provision not contained therein. Any alteration to this agreement must be in writing and signed by both parties.

  1. Assignment

No party may assign any of its rights or delegate or assign any of its obligations in terms of this Pet Sitting Contract without the prior written consent of the other party, except if inclement weather or a bona fide emergency prohibits the Sitter from fulfilling his/her duties in which event the pet’s Guardian may be called upon to care for the pet(s).

  1. General

The parties agree that any or all parts of this agreement may be submitted to the other party in legible and recordable electronic form and upon acknowledgement of receipt by the receiving party shall become valid parts of the agreement.

Paragraph headings are for convenience of reference only and are not intended to have any effect in the interpretation or determining of rights or obligations under this agreement.

Where appropriate words signifying one gender shall include the other and words signifying the singular shall include the plural and vice versa.